CBT is a form of talk therapy. This means that you discuss your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors with a mental health professional. CBT focuses on the way you think, and how it drives the way you feel and act.
CBT will help you solve problems. You can't always control other people or situations. But, you can control how you react. CBT teaches you how to change your thinking. It can also help you manage your reactions to stressful people and situations.
Reasons for Procedure
CBT is used to treat:
Managing Mental Health Concerns
A combination of physiological and emotional triggers causes many mental health problems. CBT can help people cope by decreasing the effects of emotional triggers.
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CBT may not work for everyone. You and your therapist will watch your progress. There may be other methods that work better for you.
What to Expect
You may be asked to fill out a questionnaire about your feelings.
CBT can be done alone or in a group.
CBT can be split into 2 parts:
You and your therapist will identify stressful situations. You will also learn the thoughts that lead to make problems worse. These thoughts will be worked on to see if that's the best way to handle problems. Your therapist may point out negative thought patterns such as “I can't handle this” or "people are laughing at me.”
Next, you will work on lessening negative thoughts. This will help you learn healthier ways. This may involve exposure to the situation that causes your problems. You will learn to draw on your strengths so you can think "I can" instead of "I can't".
You will also learn to ask more questions. For example, “Could those people be laughing at something other than me?” The goal is to replace unhealthy thoughts with healthy ones.
This takes a lot of practice. You will often be given homework. You may have to practice deep-breathing or role-play how to act. For example, a person dealing with substance abuse might practice ways to say no to alcohol.
Homework is vital to the success of CBT. You must practice new, rational responses until they replace your previous, unhealthy responses. Homework also allows you to try new skills. You will then be able to give feedback on which works best for you.
One session is usually 50-100 minutes. Group sessions may last longer. You may need to go 1-2 times per week for 12-16 weeks.
Depending on your situation, you may need a longer or shorter time frame. Keep in mind it may take many tries to unlearn poor habits and to learn healthy ones.
You may be given homework between sessions. You will need to practice the strategies you and your therapist have discussed.
Some therapists want you to return for a check-up about 3, 6, and 12 months after therapy has ended. You may call your therapist at any time.
The goal of CBT is to change your thought process. This will allow healthy and realistic responses to difficult situations. Many patients notice an improvement in their symptoms within 3-4 weeks of beginning CBT.
Call Your Doctor
If the thoughts, feelings, or other problems that led you to CBT are returning or getting worse, call your doctor. If you have thoughts of hurting yourself or others, call for emergency medical services right away.
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https://www.div12.org/treatment/cognitive-and-behavioral-therapies-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder. Accessed August 31, 2018.
What is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)? Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research website. Available at:
https://beckinstitute.org/get-informed/what-is-cognitive-therapy. Accessed May 5, 2016.
What is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)? National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists website. Available at:
http://www.nacbt.org/whatiscbt.htm. Accessed May 5, 2016.
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Last reviewed June 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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